Belnet has been working for more than twenty years on the further development of the Belgian knowledge and network structures for Belgian higher education and research.

Since 1 January 2000, Belnet has had the form of a public service with separate management within the Federal Public Service for Science Policy Programming. This particular structure gives Belnet more autonomy to react quickly to the continuous evolution within the telecommunications and Internet world.

The legal status of Belnet was established in the Act of May 1999.